Impact of Land Use/Cover Change on Community Livelihood in Zanzibar.pdf

Impact of Land Use/Cover Change on Community Livelihood in Zanzibar PDF

Nestory Erasto Yamungu

This study examined the impact of land use/cover change on community livelihoods around Masingini forest reserve, Zanzibar. It analysed the socio-economic drivers of land use/cover change as well as determining its nature and extent. A sample of 189 households were drawn from two shehias around the forest namely Dole and Mwanyanya. Spatial analysis of Aerial photographs for 1952 and 1977 and satellite imagery for 2009 was conducted. Household survey, group discussions, in-depth interview and observations were used to capture the socio-economic drivers. The findings showed an increase and decrease of forest biomass. Between 1952-1977 lands under forests increased by 41% while between 1977-2009 it decreased by 36%. Furthermore, in the same period agricultural land increased from 7 to 12%, settlement from 0.9 to 27%, while degraded forest decreased from 3.2 to 2.5% and institution emerged at 0.1%. The study further shows that land use/cover change was caused by various socio-economic drivers.

A study was conducted with the objectives of investigating the effect of climate change and variability on the livelihood of the local community in Arsi Negele District, Central Refit Valley Region of Ethiopia using group discussions, structured questionnaire and personal observations. The trends of climate change and variability in the study area showed gradual change.

3659350478 ISBN
Englisch SPRACHE
Impact of Land Use/Cover Change on Community Livelihood in Zanzibar.pdf


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