Athenia Torpedoed.pdf

Athenia Torpedoed PDF

Francis M. Carroll

This book is an account of a disaster at sea, the sinking by a German submarine of the passenger liner Athenia sailing from Liverpool to Montreal, loaded with Americans, Canadians, and Europeans, attempting to cross the Atlantic before the outbreak of war. Although 112 people were lost, of whom 30 were the first Americans killed in the war, 1,306 were rescued. Housewives, children, college students, scientists, actresses, and Jewish refugees were among the victims, and even young John F. Kennedy was called on to give assistance. The drama, tragedy, and triumph of their experiences are a central part of the story. But of course the book is also about war and politics. Indeed, this is actually where the Second World War began. Here Germany, having already invaded Poland in what was expected to be a limited war, first struck the western Allies, Britain and France. This was the first blow, fired without warning, just hours after war was declared. For Britain, the sinking of the Athenia was seen as both a violation of international law and a return to the kind of total war Germany had waged in the Great War. The sinking of the Athena immediately pushed Britain to adopt convoys to protect shipping, and it served from the first to shape British public opinion toward the war. In Canada the sinking of the ship and particularly the death of the innocent, ten year old Margaret Hayworth, became emotional issues around which much of the nation could rally in support of the decision of Parliament to go to war. In the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was too wary to make the sinking of the Athenia the counterpart of the sinking of the Lusitania in the First World War. However, the Athenia exposed Germany in the public mind as a serious threat to Americans, and provided the opportunity for President Roosevelt to open direct communication with Winston Churchill. The Athenia helped to change public opinion in the United States sufficiently to amend the existing Neutrality Laws to allow the country to sell munitions and supplies to Britain and France-a supportive first step to meeting the Nazi threat directly. So the sinking of the Athenia is a tale full of meaning and passion that deserves to be known.

The first British ship to be sunk during the Second World War is thought to have been found on the sea bed off the coast of Ireland. The transatlantic liner SS Athenia was torpedoed only hours

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Athenia Torpedoed.pdf


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Sofia Voigt

Survivors from the bombed ship SS Athenia being helped to safety by a soldier. The Athenia was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-Boat a few hours after the ... 8 Aug 2019 ... ... merchant vessel SS Athenia. Torpedoed just hours after hostilities were declared, it resulted with the tragic loss of 128 passengers and crew.

Matteo Müller

At 19.39 hours on September 3, 1939, the unescorted and unarmed Athenia ( Master James Cook) was torpedoed without warning by U-30 about 250 miles west ...

Noel Schulze

The Athenia was the first ship to be torpedoed on the first day of the Second World War. Survivors of this historic event gathered with their families, and extended families in Halifax, Nova Scotia to share their stories, and their memories.

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SS Athenia was a steam turbine transatlantic passenger liner built in Glasgow, Scotland in 1923 for the Anchor-Donaldson Line, which later became the Donaldson Atlantic Line. She worked between the United Kingdom and the east coast of Canada until September 1939, when a torpedo from the German ... Athenia Torpedoed: The U-Boat Attack that Ignited the Battle of the Atlantic [ Carroll, Francis M.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Athenia ...

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